This Code of Conduct helps, ensure compliance with legal requirements and management’s principles of business, process and conduct.
Financial reporting and records:
The Company shall prepare and maintain its accounts fairly and accurately in accordance with the accounting and financial reporting standards which represent the generally accepted guidelines, principles, standards, laws and regulations of the country in which the company conducts its business affairs.
Internal accounting and audit procedure shall fairly and accurately reflect all of the company’s business transactions and disposition of assets. All required information shall be accessible to company auditors and other Authorised parties and government agencies. There shall be no willful omissions of any company transactions from the books and records, no advance income recognition, and no hidden bank account and funds.
Any willful material misrepresentation of and/or misinformation on the financial accounts and reports shall be regarded as a violation of this code, apart from inviting appropriate action under the relevant laws.
Every employee of the company, which shall include whole-time Directors and the Managing Director, shall deal on behalf of the company with professionalism, honesty and integrity, as well as high moral and ethical standard. Such conduct shall be fair and transparent and be perceived to be as such by third parties.
The company shall be committed to enhance shareholders value and comply with all regulations and laws that govern shareholders’ rights. The board of directors of the company shall duly and fairly inform its shareholders about all relevant aspects of the company’s business, and disclose such information in accordance with the respective regulations and agreements.
Every employee shall be responsible for the implementation of and compliance with this code in his professional environment. Failure to adhere to the code could attract the most severe consequences, including termination.
Every employee of the company shall, in his or her business conduct, comply with all applicable laws and regulations, both in letter and in spirit, in all the territories in which he of she operates. If the ethical and professional standards set out in the applicable laws and regulations are below that of the code, then the standards of the code shall prevail.
Securities transactions and confidential information:
An employee of the Company and his of her immediate family shall not derive any benefit or assist other to derive any benefit from the access to and possession of information about the company or the group, which is not in the public domain and thus constitutes insider information.
An employee of the Company shall not use or proliferate information which is not available to the investing public and which therefore constitutes insider information for making or giving advice on investment decisions on the securities of the company which such insider has been obtained
• acquisition and divestiture of business of business units;
• financial information such as profits, earnings and dividends;
• announcement of new product introductions or developments;
• asset revaluations;
• investment decisions/plans;
• restructuring plans;
• major supply and delivery agreements’
• raising finance.
Consider adding – at least 7 days before the results period will be an Insider Trading Closure window and no person considered as an insider will be permitted to trade in the Company share.
CODE FOR INDEPENDENT DIRECTORS SCHEDULE IV (Sec. 149(8)* of the Companies Act, 2013 )
*Section 149(8): The company and independent directors shall abide by the provisions specified in Schedule IV.
The Code is a guide to professional conduct for independent directors. Adherence to these standards by independent directors and fulfillment of their responsibilities in a professional and faithful manner will promote confidence of the investment community, particularly minority shareholders, regulators and companies in the institution of independent directors.
I. Guidelines of professional conduct:
An independent director shall:
1) uphold ethical standards of integrity and probity;
2) act objectively and constructively while exercising his duties;
3) exercise his responsibilities in a bona fide manner in the interest of the company;
4) devote sufficient time and attention to his professional obligations for informed and balanced decision making;
5) not allow any extraneous considerations that will vitiate his exercise of objective independent judgment in the paramount interest of the company as a whole, while concurring in or dissenting from the collective judgment of the Board in its decision making;
6) not abuse his position to the detriment of the company or its shareholders or for the purpose of gaining direct or indirect personal advantage or advantage for any associated person;
7) refrain from any action that would lead to loss of his independence;
8) where circumstances arise which make an independent director lose his independence, the independent director must immediately inform the Board accordingly;
9) assist the company in implementing the best corporate governance practices.
II. Role and functions:
The independent directors shall:
1) help in bringing an independent judgment to bear on the Board’s deliberations especially on issues of strategy, performance, risk management, resources, key appointments and standards of conduct;
2) bring an objective view in the evaluation of the performance of board and management;
3) scrutinise the performance of management in meeting agreed goals and objectives and monitor the reporting of performance;
4) satisfy themselves on the integrity of financial information and that financial controls and the systems of risk management are robust and defensible;
5) safeguard the interests of all stakeholders, particularly the minority shareholders;
6) balance the conflicting interest of the stakeholders;
7) determine appropriate levels of remuneration of executive directors, key managerial personnel and senior management and have a prime role in appointing and where necessary recommend removal of executive directors, key managerial personnel and senior management;
8) moderate and arbitrate in the interest of the company as a whole, in situations of conflict between management and shareholder’s interest.
9) Review and mintor whistle blower policy and insider trading regulations policy.
III. Duties :
The independent directors shall
1) undertake appropriate induction and regularly update and refresh their skills, knowledge and familiarity with the company;
2) seek appropriate clarification or amplification of information and, where necessary, take and follow appropriate professional advice and opinion of outside experts at the expense of the company;
3) strive to attend all meetings of the Board of Directors and of the Board committees of which he is a member;
4) participate constructively and actively in the committees of the Board in which they are chairpersons or members;
5) strive to attend the general meetings of the company;
6) where they have concerns about the running of the company or a proposed action, ensure that these are addressed by the Board and, to the extent that they are not resolved, insist that their concerns are recorded in the minutes of the Board meeting;
7) keep themselves well informed about the company and the external environment in which it operates;
8) not to unfairly obstruct the functioning of an otherwise proper Board or committee of the Board;
9) ascertain and ensure that the company has an adequate and functional vigil mechanism and to ensure that the interests of a person who uses such mechanism are not prejudicially affected on account of such use;
10) report concerns about unethical behaviour, actual or suspected fraud or violation of the company’s code of conduct or ethics policy;
11) acting within his authority, assist in protecting the legitimate interests of the company, shareholders and its employees;
12) not disclose confidential information, including commercial secrets, technologies, advertising and sales promotion plans, unpublished price sensitive information, unless such disclosure is expressly approved by the Board or required by law.
IV. Manner of appointment:
1) Appointment process of independent directors shall be independent of the company management; while selecting independent directors the Board shall ensure that there is appropriate balance of skills, experience and knowledge in the Board so as to enable the Board to discharge its functions and duties effectively.
2) The appointment of independent director(s) of the company shall be ratified at the meeting of the shareholders. The shareholders shall appoint the director for a period of five years to ratified each year subject to a maximum period of ten years.
3) The explanatory statement attached to the notice of the meeting for approving the appointment of independent director shall include a statement that in the opinion of the Board, the independent director proposed to be appointed fulfils the conditions specified in the Act and the rules made thereunder and that the proposed director is independent of the management.
4) The appointment of independent directors shall be formalised through a letter of appointment, which shall set out :
a) the term of appointment;
b) the expectation of the Board from the appointed director; the Board-level committee(s) in which the director is expected to serve and its tasks;
c) the fiduciary duties that come with such an appointment along with accompanying liabilities;
d) provision for Directors and Officers (D and O) insurance, if any;
e) the Code of Business Ethics that the company expects its directors and employees to follow;
f) the list of actions that a director should not do while functioning as such in the company; and
g) the remuneration, mentioning periodic fees, reimbursement of expenses for participation in the Boards and other meetings and profit related commission, if any.
5) The terms and conditions of appointment of independent directors shall be open for inspection at the registered office of the company by any member during normal business hours.
6) The terms and conditions of appointment of independent directors shall also be posted on the company’s website.
The re-appointment of independent director shall be on the basis of report of performance evaluation.
VI. Resignation or removal:
1) The resignation or removal of an independent director shall be in the same manner as is provided in sections 168 and 169 of the Act.
2) An independent director who resigns or is removed from the Board of the company shall be replaced by a new independent director within a period of not more than one hundred and eighty days from the date of such resignation or removal, as the case may be.
3) Where the company fulfils the requirement of independent directors in its Board even without filling the vacancy created by such resignation or removal, as the case may be, the requirement of replacement by a new independent director shall not apply.
VII. Separate meetings:
1) The independent directors of the company shall hold at least one meeting in a year, without the attendance of non-independent directors and members of management;
2) All the independent directors of the company shall strive to be present at such meeting;
3) The meeting shall:
review the performance of non-independent directors and the Board as a whole;
review the performance of the Chairperson of the company, taking into account the views of executive directors and non-executive directors;
assess the quality, quantity and timeliness of flow of information between the company management and the Board that is necessary for the Board to effectively and reasonably perform their duties.
VIII. Evaluation mechanism:
1) The performance evaluation of independent directors shall be done by the entire Board of Directors, excluding the director being evaluated.
2) On the basis of the report of performance evaluation, it shall be determined whether to extend or continue the term of appointment of the independent director.